No. However, men are more susceptible to lung, testes, prostate and oral cancers and women to breast and cervix cancers.
Cancer of the mouth, throat, gullet, stomach, rectum, larynx, lung, skin and brain are all more common in men than in women. Gallbladder and thyroid cancers are more frequent in women.
Common cancers in men are:
While among women most common cancers are:
Largely, no. There are probably some inherited tendencies that may lead to cancers of different types. The presence of cancer in one or both parents and/or close relatives should be a cause for greater alertness in looking for and recognising suspicious symptoms. However, one type of eye cancer known as Retinoblastoma can be inherited.
Some cancers are genetically linked and may run in families but not all the cancers are hereditary. Cancer is a common disease and many families have at least a few members who have had cancer. This is because family members have certain risk factors in common, such as smoking, which can cause many types of cancer. It can also be due to other factors, like obesity, that tend to run in families and influence cancer risk. But most cancers are not clearly linked to the genes we inherit from our parents. Some features of genetically linked cancers are:
A person can lead a normal life after cancer but one has to go for regular checkups and follow up. But beyond initial recovery, there are ways to improve long-term health so that one can enjoy the years to come.
The recommendations for cancer survivors are similar to healthy individuals i.e. balanced diet, exercise, healthy weight, reduce stress, good sleep, avoid tobacco and limit the amount of alcohol.
Eating a healthy balanced diet is important for keeping a healthy body weight as obesity increases the risk of cancer.
Some foods can also affect cancer risk:
It is best to schedule a mammogram a week after the menstrual period as the breasts are least likely to be tender during this period. Also, it is best to avoid using deodorants, antiperspirants, powder etc on the day of the mammogram as metallic particles in deodorants and powders can show up on mammograms and at times cause confusion.
Preparation prior to a Pap smear test includes the avoidance of sexual intercourse, douching or using vaginal medicines for two days prior to the test in order to avoid the abnormal cells from being washed away.
Prior to undertaking the faecal occult blood test, it is best to speak to your doctor as vitamin tablets and anti-inflammatory drugs may need to be withheld for two to three days.
Lung cancer can be frequently misdiagnosed as tuberculosis, especially in India.
There are many similarities between both diseases like they both are very common, have high prevalence, involve lung parenchyma and above all, characterised by similar symptoms. But, there are many differences between these two entities like they have different etiologies (pulmonary tuberculosis is infectious while lung cancer is non-infectious disease), different consequences, and altogether different management. Delay in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer results in poorer outcome and lower survival.
Person with TB can have cancer like any other person without TB.
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